1.
The primary goal of financial management is to:
minimize operational costs and maximize firm efficiency.
maximize current dividends per share of the existing stock.
maximize the current value per share of the existing stock.
avoid financial distress.
maintain steady growth in both sales and net earnings.
2
Financial managers should primarily strive to:
maximize current dividends even if doing so adds financial distress costs to the firm.
minimize costs while increasing current dividends.
maximize the current value per share of existing stock.
maximize current market share in every market in which the firm participates.
maximize the current profits of the firm.
3.
If a firm is currently profitable, then:
its reported sales exceed its costs.
its cash flows are known with certainty.
its current cash inflows must exceed its current cash outflows.
it will always have sufficient cash to pay its bills in a timely manner.
the timing of the cash flows on proposed projects is irrelevant.
4. The owners of a limited liability company generally prefer:
having liability exposure similar to that of a general partner.
having liability exposure similar to that of a sole proprietor.
being taxed like a corporation.
being taxed personally on all business income.
being taxed like a corporation with liability like a partnership.
5.
First City Bank pays 6 percent simple interest on its savings account balances, whereas Second City Bank pays 6 percent interest compounded annually. 
If you made a $69,000 deposit in each bank, how much more money would you earn from your Second City Bank account at the end of 10 years? (Do not round intermediate calculations and round your answer to 2 decimal places, e.g., 32.16.) 
Difference in accounts 
$ 
6.
a. 
Compute the future value of $2,000 compounded annually for 10 years at 6 percent. (Do not round intermediate calculations and round your answer to 2 decimal places, e.g., 32.16.) 
Future value 
$ 
b. 
Compute the future value of $2,000 compounded annually for 10 years at 11 percent. (Do not round intermediate calculations and round your answer to 2 decimal places, e.g., 32.16.) 
Future value 
$ 
c. 
Compute the future value of $2,000 compounded annually for 15 years at 6 percent. (Do not round intermediate calculations and round your answer to 2 decimal places, e.g., 32.16.) 
Future value 
$ 
7.
What is the future value of $3,052 invested for 9 years at 5.00 percent compounded annually?
$4,450.57
$1,923.52
$4,720.69
$4,734.65
$4,748.62
8.
Six months ago, you purchased 1,200 shares of ABC stock for $21.20 a share and have received total dividend payments of $.60 a share. Today, you sold all of your shares for $22.20 a share. What is your total dollar return on this investment?
$1,440
$720
$3,840
$1,200
$1,920
9.
The excess return you earn by moving from a relatively riskfree investment to a risky investment is called the:
inflation premium.
geometric average return.
time premium.
risk premium.
arithmetic average return.
10.
Which one of the following accounts is included in stockholders’ equity?
intangible assets
plant and equipment
accumulated retained earnings
deferred taxes
longterm debt
11.
Shelton, Inc., has sales of $391,000, costs of $179,000, depreciation expense of $44,000, interest expense of $25,000, and a tax rate of 40 percent. (Do not round intermediate calculations.) 
What is the net income for the firm? 
Net income 
$ 
Suppose the company paid out $34,000 in cash dividends. What is the addition to retained earnings? 
Addition to retained earnings 
$ 
12
Net working capital is defined as:
current assets plus fixed assets.
current assets minus current liabilities.
current assets plus stockholders’ equity.
fixed assets minus longterm liabilities.
total assets minus total liabilities.
13
Which one of these equations is an accurate expression of the balance sheet?
Stockholders’ equity ≡ Assets + Liabilities
Stockholders’ equity ≡ Assets −Liabilities
Liabilities ≡ Stockholders’ equity −Assets
Assets ≡ Stockholders’ equity −Liabilities
Assets ≡ Liabilities −Stockholders’ equity
14
Galaxy United, Inc. 

Net sales 
$8,450 
Less: Cost of goods sold 
7,220 
Less: Depreciation 
410 
Earnings before interest and taxes 
820 
Less: Interest paid 
83 
Taxable Income 
737 
Less: Taxes 
258 
Net income 
$ 479 
Galaxy United, Inc. 


2008 
2009 


2008 
2009 
Cash 
$ 110 
$ 150 

Accounts payable 
$1,100 
$1,130 
Accounts rec. 
940 
780 

Longterm debt 
1,000 
1,332 
Inventory 
1,490 
1,510 

Common stock 
$3,110 
$2,910 
Subtotal 
$2,540 
$2,440 

Retained earnings 
520 
698 
Net fixed assets 
3,190 
3,630 




Total assets 
$5,730 
$6,070 

Total liab. & equity 
$5,730 
$6,070 
What is the days’ sales in receivables? (use 2009 values)
41.0
33.7
24.9
47.5
80.4
15
A firm has sales of $1,360, net income of $227, net fixed assets of $469, and current assets of $329. The firm has $95 in inventory. What is the commonsize statement value of inventory?
41.5 percent
11.9 percent
20.3 percent
7.0 percent
28.9 percent
16.
The Purple Martin has annual sales of $4,800, total debt of $1,360, total equity of $2,200, and a profit margin of 5 percent. What is the return on assets?
10.91 percent
6.74 percent
17.65 percent
8.72 percent
5.00 percent
17.
Al’s Sport Store has sales of $2,740, costs of goods sold of $2,100, inventory of $533, and accounts receivable of $444. How many days, on average, does it take the firm to sell its inventory assuming that all sales are on credit?
71.0
92.6
140.0
130.0
91.4
18
Jessica’s Boutique has cash of $47, accounts receivable of $70, accounts payable of $190, and inventory of $160. What is the value of the quick ratio?
2.07
1.46
.37
.62
.84
19.
One of the primary weaknesses of many financial planning models is that they:
ignore the size, risk, and timing of cash flows.
are iterative in nature.
ignore the goals and objectives of senior management.
rely too much on financial relationships and too little on accounting relationships.
ignore cash payouts to stockholders.
20
If a firm bases its growth projection on the rate of sustainable growth, shows positive net income, and has a dividend payout ratio of 30 percent, then the:
number of common shares outstanding will increase at the same rate of growth.
debtequity ratio will remain constant while retained earnings increase.
debtequity ratio will have to increase.
fixed assets will have to increase at the same rate, even if the firm is currently operating at only 78 percent of capacity.
fixed assets, the debtequity ratio, and number of common shares outstanding will all increase.
21
Marcie’s Mercantile wants to maintain its current dividend policy, which is a payout ratio of 35 percent. The firm does not want to increase its equity financing but is willing to maintain its current debtequity ratio. Given these requirements, the maximum rate at which Marcie’s can grow is equal to:
65 percent of the sustainable rate of growth.
65 percent of the internal rate of growth.
35 percent of the internal rate of growth.
the internal rate of growth.
the sustainable rate of growth.
22
f the Hunter Corp. has an ROE of 11 and a payout ratio of 19 percent, what is its sustainable growth rate? (Do not round intermediate calculations and enter your answer as a percent rounded to 2 decimal places, e.g., 32.16.) 
Sustainable growth rate 
% 
23
24. The operating cycle can be decreased by:
increasing the accounts payable turnover rate.
discontinuing the discount given for early payment of an accounts receivable.
paying accounts payable faster.
collecting accounts receivable faster.
decreasing the inventory turnover rate.
25
The length of time between the payment for inventory and the collection of cash from receivables is called the:
inventory period.
operating cycle.
accounts receivable period.
cash cycle.
accounts payable period.
26.
Consider the following financial statement information for the Rivers Corporation: 
Item 
Beginning 




Ending 


Inventory 
$ 
11,000 




$ 
12,000 

Accounts receivable 

6,000 





6,300 

Accounts payable 

8,200 





8,600 

Net sales 



$ 
90,000 




Cost of goods sold 




70,000 




Calculate the operating and cash cycles. (Use 365 days a year. Do not round intermediate calculations and round your answers to 2 decimal places, e.g., 32.16.) 


Operating cycle 
days 
Cash cycle 
days 
27.
Here are the most recent balance sheets for Country Kettles, Inc. Excluding accumulated depreciation, determine whether each item is a source or a use of cash, and the amount. (Do not round intermediate calculations and round your answers to the nearest whole number, e.g., 32. Input all amounts as positive values): 
COUNTRY KETTLES, INC. 


2015 

2016 


Assets 






Cash 
$ 
31,400 

$ 
30,590 

Accounts receivable 

70,900 


74,080 

Inventories 

61,800 


64,125 

Property, plant, and equipment 

157,000 


167,800 

Less: Accumulated depreciation 

(46,720 
) 

(50,900 
) 




Total assets 
$ 
274,380 

$ 
285,695 





Liabilities and Equity 






Accounts payable 
$ 
45,900 

$ 
48,090 

Accrued expenses 

7,280 


6,420 

Longterm debt 

26,600 


29,500 

Common stock 

26,000 


31,000 

Accumulated retained earnings 

168,600 


170,685 





Total liabilities and equity 
$ 
274,380 

$ 
285,695 





Item 
Source/Use 

Amount 

Cash 

$ 


Accounts receivable 

$ 


Inventories 

$ 


Property, plant, and equipment 

$ 


Accounts payable 

$ 


Accrued expenses 

$ 


Longterm debt 

$ 


Common stock 

$ 


Accumulated retained earnings 

$ 

28.
The rate at which a stock’s price is expected to appreciate (or depreciate) is called the _____ yield.
earnings
dividend
current
total
capital gains
29.
Last year, a bond yielded a nominal return of 7.37 percent while inflation averaged 3.26 percent. What was the real rate of return?
3.86%
3.2 7%
3.98%
3.71%
3.42%
30.
A corporate bond is currently quoted at 101.633. What is the market price of a bond with a $1,000 face value?
$1,102.77
$1,000.28
$1,002.77
$1,276.70
$1,016.33
31.
Stu wants to earn a real return of 3.4 percent on any bond he acquires. The inflation rate is 2.8 percent. He has determined that a particular bond he is considering should have an interest rate risk premium of .27 percent, a liquidity premium of .08 percent, and a taxability premium of 1.69 percent. What nominal rate of return is Stu demanding from this particular bond?
7.38%
8.74%
8.24%
8.40%
7.19%
32.
Miller Manufacturing has a target debt–equity ratio of .50. Its cost of equity is 15 percent, and its cost of debt is 6 percent. If the tax rate is 34 percent, what is the company’s WACC? (Do not round intermediate calculations and enter your answer as a percent rounded to 2 decimal places, e.g., 32.16.) 
WACC 
% 
33.
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33.
Filer Manufacturing has 9.2 million shares of common stock outstanding. The current share price is $62, and the book value per share is $4. The company also has two bond issues outstanding. The first bond issue has a face value of $71.8 million and a coupon rate of 7.9 percent and sells for 107.4 percent of par. The second issue has a face value of $61.8 million and a coupon rate of 8.4 percent and sells for 110.7 percent of par. The first issue matures in 8 years, the second in 27 years. 

Suppose the company’s stock has a beta of 1.2. The riskfree rate is 4 percent, and the market risk premium is 7.9 percent. Assume that the overall cost of debt is the weighted average implied by the two outstanding debt issues. Both bonds make semiannual payments. The tax rate is 35 percent. What is the company’s WACC? (Do not round intermediate calculations and enter your answer as a percent rounded to 2 decimal places, e.g., 32.16.) 
WACC 

34.
When estimating the cost of equity using the DDM, which one of these is most apt to add error to this estimate?
beta
next year’s dividend
firm’s tax rate
dividend growth rate
current stock price
35
A firm’s WACC can be correctly used to discount the expected cash flows of a new project when that project:
will be financed solely with new debt and internal equity.
will be financed solely with internal equity.
has the same level of risk as the firm’s current operations.
will be financed with the same proportions of debt and equity as those currently used by the overall firm.
will be managed by the firm’s current managers.
36.
The weighted average cost of capital for a firm is the:
discount rate which the firm should apply to all of the projects it undertakes.
rate the firm should expect to pay on its next bond issue.
maximum rate which the firm should require on any projects it undertakes.
overall rate which the firm must earn on its existing assets to maintain its value.
rate of return that the firm’s preferred stockholders should expect to earn over the long term.
37.
Jamestown Ltd. currently produces boat sails and is considering expanding its operations to include awnings. The expansion would require the use of land the firm purchased three years ago at a cost of $142,000 that is currently valued at $137,500. The expansion could use some equipment that is currently sitting idle if $6,700 of modifications were made to it. The equipment originally cost $139,500 six years ago, has a current book value of $24,700, and a current market value of $39,000. Other capital purchases costing $780,000 will also be required. What is the amount of the initial cash flow for this expansion project?
$962,300
$963,200
$953,400
$948,900
$927,800
38
An independent investment is acceptable if the profitability index (PI) of the investment is:
less than one.
less than the internal rate of return.
greater than the internal rate of return.
greater than a prespecified rate of return.
greater than one.
39.
Samson’s purchased a lot four years ago at a cost of $398,000. At that time, the firm spent $289,000 to build a small retail outlet on the site. The most recent appraisal on the property placed a value of $629,000 on the property and building. Samson’s now wants to tear down the original structure and build a new strip mall on the site at an estimated cost of $2.3 million. What amount should be used as the initial cash flow for new project?
$2,987,000
$2,929,000
$2,058,000
$2,300,000
$2,242,000
40
Foamsoft sells customized boat shoes. Currently, it sells 16,850 pairs of shoes annually at an average price of $79 a pair. It is considering adding a lowerpriced line of shoes which sell for $49 a pair. Foamsoft estimates it can sell 5,000 pairs of the lowerpriced shoes but will sell 1,250 less pairs of the higherpriced shoes by doing so. What is the estimated value of the erosion cost that should be charged to the lowerpriced shoe project?
$146,250
$98,750
$138,750
$52,000
$123,240
41
Marshall’s purchased a corner lot five years ago at a cost of $498,000 and then spent $63,500 on grading and drainage so the lot could be used for storing outdoor inventory. The lot was recently appraised at $610,000. The company now wants to build a new retail store on the site. The building cost is estimated at $1.1 million. What amount should be used as the initial cash flow for this building project?
$1,710,000
$1,498,000
$1,208,635
$1,661,500
$1,100,000
42.
What is the net present value of a project with an initial cost of $36,900 and cash inflows of $13,400, $21,600, and $10,000 for Years 1 to 3, respectively? The discount rate is 13 percent.
$204.36
$797.22
−$1,195.12
−$1,350.49
−$287.22
43.
A project costing $6,200 initially should produce cash inflows of $2,860 a year for three years. After the three years, the project will be shut down and will be sold at the end of Year 4 for an estimated net cash amount of $3,300. What is the net present value of this project if the required rate of return is 11.3 percent?
$3,011.40
$1,980.02
$2,903.19
$935.56
$2,474.76
44.
Flatte Restaurant is considering the purchase of a $10,400 soufflé maker. The soufflé maker has an economic life of five years and will be fully depreciated by the straightline method. The machine will produce 2,200 soufflés per year, with each costing $2.60 to make and priced at $5.45. Assume that the discount rate is 16 percent and the tax rate is 34 percent. 
What is the NPV of the project? (Do not round intermediate calculations and round your answer to 2 decimal places, e.g., 32.16.) 
NPV 
$ 
Should the company make the purchase? 




45.
What is the net present value of a project that has an initial cash outflow of $7,670 and cash inflows of $1,280 in Year 1, $6,980 in Year 3, and $2,750 in Year 4? The discount rate is 12.5 percent.
$68.20
$371.02
$86.87
$249.65
$270.16
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